"New Horizons in Digital Surgery": Neuronavigation
"Using more digital technology in surgery will allow for surgical procedures that can be tailored to the patient."
What is a Neuronavigation System?
Neuronavigation; These are high-tech devices used in brain and spine surgery to display the intervention plans created to differentiate between healthy and unhealthy tissues on the patients' preoperative images, and to show their true location on the patient during the operation.
What is the purpose of using neuronavigation?
Neuronavigation helps to achieve a safe and high quality result for both the patient and the surgeon by making the surgery more accurate and accurate in brain and spine surgery.
With what kind of surgery is the neuronavigation system used?
Neuronavigation is safely used in surgical procedures that require high precision, such as various types of brain tumors, biopsy procedures, functional surgery and spinal tumors and all spinal surgical procedures that require instrumentation.
How is neuronavigation used with brain tumors?
Radiological images such as CT, MR, PET, taken before surgery, are first sent to the navigation system for planning. The number of images used here and the recording methods are determined by the surgeon, depending on the type of surgery and intervention method.
In the planning phase, the tumor tissue is dyed in 3 dimensions, in addition, all important tissues around the tumor and in the area to be intervened are extra colored and the surgeon determines the type of intervention with the lowest risk and the intervention path with the least contact with healthy tissues.
The prepared plans are tailored to the actual position of the patient during the operation and proceed according to the operation schedule.
Using neuronavigation, the surgeon is given the ability to distinguish healthy and unhealthy tissues and to perform the procedure with the highest precision by seeing and only seeing some tissues that cannot be distinguished with the naked eye or under a microscope are in radiological imaging such as MRI and CT, on the navigation device.
How is Neuronavigation Used in Spinal Surgery?
The main goal of neuronavigation in spinal surgery is to perform a single surgery with the highest accuracy, especially in screw surgery. MRI and CT images created with this radiology can be used, as can high-tech 3D imaging systems that can create 3D images in the operating room environment.
In particular, the automatic transfer of images taken from 3D imaging systems taken during surgery to the navigation system and the ability to match the images to the changing position of the patient make a high-risk procedure, such as spine screwing, can be completed with high accuracy and precision.
What are the benefits of a neuro-navigation device?
Loss of function, which is always seen as a risk in brain tumor surgery, is minimized. It provides safe action for small localized tumors, especially in high-risk areas.
The surgeon can monitor the amount of tumor taken continuously through the navigation system and the positions of healthy and important tissues, so the operation is completed by ensuring that the tumor is completely removed without damaging the healthy tissues. The patient does not require a second or third operation.
Screw placement can be done completely and accurately in spinal surgery. The patient can regain health in one go, no secondary operations are required.